Galvanizing Process
Galvanizing - An Age Old Process
Refined processes determine an accurate and efficient job
Inspection
On receipt of your job, we inspect the steel for good design and fabrication technics for galvanizing. We check for a range of situations, this includes inspection for venting and draining, looking for low melting point soldered joints or overlapping surfaces, the inclusion of lifting points, if it will be susceptible to distortion to whether it will fit the preparation tanks and galvanizing bath. Having been in the business for many years, we are the Galv Gurus and have seen most problems before, so if up on inspection we see anything of concern we will be sure to communicate with our customer. If you have any doubts about designing for galvanizing, we encourage you to talk with us - the Galv Gurus.
Preparation
At the preparation stage we hang your job on jigs ready for its progression through the various tanks and galvanizing bath.
Degreasing
Scale, rust, oil, paint and other surface contaminants are carefully removed from the steel by suitable preliminary treatment and subsequent acid cleaning or pickling in sulphuric or hydrochloric acids, followed by rinsing.
Fluxing
The acid-cleaned steel article is immersed in a flux solution, usually 30% zinc ammonium chloride with wetting agents, maintained above 65°C. The flux solution removes the oxide film which forms on the highly reactive steel surface after acid cleaning, and prevents further oxidation before galvanizing. The work is then dried ready for galvanizing.
Galvanizing
Prepared items are galvanized by immersion in molten zinc. On immersion in the galvanizing bath the steel surface is completely covered by the molten zinc, which reacts with the steel to form a series of zinc-iron alloy layers, producing a uniform coating. The thickness of these layers is determined principally by the mass of the steel being galvanized. This is an important advantage of the galvanizing process – a standard minimum coating thickness is applied automatically regardless of the operator.

To allow formation of the coating the work remains in the bath until its temperature reaches that of the molten zinc, in the range of 445°C to 465°C. The work is then withdrawn at a controlled rate and carries with it an outer layer of molten zinc which solidifies to form the relatively pure outer zinc coating.

The molten zinc in the galvanizing bath covers corners, seals edges, seams and rivets, and penetrates recesses to give complete protection to areas which are potential corrosion spots with other coating systems. The galvanized coating is slightly thicker at corners and narrow edges, giving greatly increased protection compared to organic coatings which thin out in these critical areas. Complex shapes and open vessels may be galvanized inside and out in one operation.

The period of immersion in the galvanizing bath varies from a few minutes for relatively light articles, or longer for massive structural members.
Quench
Upon extraction from the galvanizing bath the item is then quenched to cool.
Cleaning, Inspection and Delivery
Once cooled the team clean and inspect the items which are then delivered or collected by our customer.